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Yangon is still the business center and major gate way to Myanmar. Yangon has more impressive colonial buildings than any other city in Asia assuming the most unique of Asian cities and preferable visiting site together with modern living conveniences and facilities.
Regarding to the bodily relic of Gautama Buddha and other enshrinements of previous Buddhists, it is highly venerated as the most sacred Buddhist monument in Myanmar while it is greatly admired for its architectural perfection of Myanmar stupa.
National Museum
Having a vast amount of collections from the primitive period to the last Myanmar monarch, it is highly regarded as the best center for Myanmar arts and handicrafts, excavation finds, royal regalia of bygone period and different ethnic groups.
Kandawgyi Royal Lake
One of the two big natural lakes in a hurly burly city, it is, of course, the best recreation center and peaceful area amid the populated modern city.
Karaweik Barge
Lying at the eastern edge of the lake shore, it is actually the duplication of royal barge, the private vehicle of Myanmar monarchies in the olden days.
Sule Pagoda
It is the land mark of the city center and particularly erected in octagonal structure from the base to the top representing the traditional style of Mon architecture.
MahaBandoola Park
It is prominent oblique noted as the independent monument since it was so erected to mark national independence.
City Hall
It is, in white and grand, outstanding as the land mark and one of the last few buildings, coming out by the harmonious combination of western architecture and Myanmar traditional embellishments.
Colonial buildings.
There are some imposing buildings in the Centre, as an array of English renaissance style Victorian or Bureaucratic Byzantine, classic Doric Temple , especially in pillar façade most, could be enjoyed.
Nanthida Jetty
It is still live everyday by the passengers and labors from the other side of the river named Hline or Yangon and favorite spot of international travelers and photographers.
Botataung Pagoda
It is one of the important pilgrim sites for Buddhist people. But, some votive tables bearing ancient India scripts usually allure historians and scholars then dating one of the earliest settlement sites.
Mahapassana Cave
It is really important to Buddhist history since the sixth and last Buddhist Council was held here by the participation of well-versed monks from all Buddhist countries.
It is one of the largest reclining Buddha in Myanmar depicting of 108 sole marks on the palms of the feet.
Scott @ Bogyoke Market
It is best known and favorite spot of international travelers based a variety collection of domestic products and imported items with activities.
Known as Syrian in colonial period, it was a major seaport of Myanmar thriving on oversea trade and commerce. But, the small town is more like a rural village and possibly a peaceful picnic spot for day trippers.
Kyaik Khauk Pagoda.
It is the largest pagoda of the region but not crowded most of the time. There are two tomb stones of soldier laureates of bygone period at the base of the pagoda.
Old Church
The old church building was largely damaged. But, the shell is still standing. The inscriptions on nearby tomb stone will narrate the true donor and history.
It is a colossal sitting Buddha located at Padagyi village by Thanlyin - Kyauktan Roadside. There is a newly built pagoda on the excavated site and some laterite finds could be enjoyed but not datable.
Yay Le Pagoda
It is a small pagoda complex but setting on a limited stony islet amidth a small creek and beautiful location.
It is traditionally believed the site of historic pottery town and beautiful canal could be enjoyed at some portions on driving.
Shwe – san – daw Pagoda
It is the biggest stupa and center of small town.
Pottery block
The simple processing of pottery could be enjoyed at cottage industries by analogue system and usage of potter’s wheel.
Once, it was best known as the capital of Myanmar and the most prominent seaport in Asia region for international merchants and sea farers during the second half of 16th century.
Shwe-gu- gyi
There are seven monuments exactly the same styles and distances to Bodhgaya in India. The impressive glazed plaques and radiating arches of Bagan era were still flourishing here in 15 century A.D.
Because of its unusual style, it is one of the commonest visiting sites in which four large Buddhas are sitting in cross – legged position against the central cube under the blue sky.
It is actually a large reclining Buddha but very finely executed in style and highly regarded as the most proportionate of its kind in Myanmar.
Shwe maw –daw Pagoda
It is one of the venerated Buddhist monuments and highest stupa higher than Shwedagon in Yangon, all over Myanmar.
Palace – site
Regarding to the contemporary descriptions and records of Italian, Portugal and English travelers, and the grand palace city is now reflecting its bygone glory by excavation finds and reconstruction. A site museum in the palace-site is having antiquities, big teak posts, glazed jars, Buddha images, stones carving and so on.
It is a non- religious place but the only Waw site in Myanmar and the best place for nature lovers and bird – watchers as millions of migratory birds annually join to native birds in winter. There is also buffalo high ways in this respective wetland
It is the district capital of western Bago Division and a small town with beautiful scenery then popular for dairy products and fresh custard apple.
Shwe-san –daw
It is the center of the town and focus attraction for visitor especially late evening and early night.
Akauk Taung
It is a little far-off site from the town but the attraction is real immense. Countless number of Buddha statues in row by row on the natural rock overwhelming the majestic Ayeyarrwaddy River is just beautiful and breath taking scene.
Sriksetra Ancient City
It is the largest ancient city of Pyu in proto-history of Myanmar and was highly flourished in 4 to 9 century A.D. Real immense high city wall with gate –ways, simple stupas and humble temples are still withstanding in and out of city circa.
Hmawza Museum
It holds the grand culture and history by concrete evidences of stone burial urns, stone slabs bearing stupa and Buddha in bas-relief, gold-plate manuscripts, coins, bronze musician figurers , potsherds and so on.
Po Kyar Elephant Camp.
Daily life of working elephants is something enjoying worthwhile on their collecting, bathing, logging and training so on. Elephant ride through the work sites and dense forest is an unforgettable experience.
Kyaik-hti-yoe (Golden Rock)
In comparison with its small size, the popularity is remarkably so immerse depending on its precarious perching on the edge of slopping mountain cliff. Next to that the uphill journey will share you nature of ever green forest, traditional herbal medicines, simple way of life on natives, beautiful mountain scenery and so on.
It is a small town but still a business and community center then believed to be the seat of Suvannabhumi meaning "Golden Land". Shwesaryan Stupa and Yanaungmyin Pagoda are believed to be architectural proto type for later monuments, just like Shwe-zi–gon in Bagan era.
It is the capital of Mon state and having a reasonable number of classic buildings, like those of churches and black wooden houses, still stands and evoked the poetic spirit of Mr. Rudyard Kipling composing "Road to Mandalay", on the romantic beauty and impressive episodes of the respective town.
Kyaikthalan Pagoda.
At the center of the city area, it is located at the highest point and the most popular pagoda. But, a bronze bell bearing curse in English inscription is the most interesting and pagoda platform itself is view point on exceptional beauty.
Seindon Monastery
At the base of the pagoda, there is a wooden monastery erected in finely carved embellishments together with a golden throne representing the exact plan and structures of palace buildings of Mandalay palace.
The Strand Road
Another visiting point is especially in the late evening. Along its course, a series of jetties on the water front and hotels, restaurants, tea shops, shop houses, banks and so on at the city side are full of activities and live pictures.
Belu Island
Belu is meaning ogre and recounting the earlier inhabitants of Negritoes. It is said that there are about 78 villages on the island and Ywalut is the most popular village for the cottage industries producing golf set, rubber ring, and traditional tablet and so on.
Gaung-sey Island
There is a much smaller island named Kautpunzlai in Mon language meaning "Shampoo Island". It is now fully packed with Buddhist monuments, Hindu temple and Chinese joss- house.
It is a small town best known for the Buddha is sitting on the throne with hanging down legs, here is only Buddha of its kind. The way is very often bounded with beautiful scenery and orchard farms.
Kadoe Village
Getting real rich by means of trade on timber and rice, a young man sponsored a vast amount of money for the construction of religious monuments at his native village but it is little known and uncommon site for tourists.
Win - Sein Complex
The world largest reclining Buddha is under erected but other monuments and statues have been completed. Not so far from there, there are two isolated rocky hills; one is defined for Buddhists while the other one is marked as the Hindu worship.
In connection with the historic "The Dead Railway" as "The Bridge on the River Kwai" in film, the small town is very often visited for war cemetery and site museum to commemorate the tragic rail-way track 1942-45 by the forced labor of different ethnic groups as POWs.
Kayin State
The Kayin may be divided into two main classes, the Plain and the Hill Kayin Pa-an is the capital and administrative headquarter. Traditionally, they are gardeners and peasants but perform fishing, hunting, breeding and trading on arts and handicrafts as well. The harvest festival or Happy New Year of Kayin are really hilarious and most usually accompanied by ground dances, bamboo pole dance and don dance.
Cultural Museum
It is a site visiting worthwhile and a building having quite a large number of exhibition on traditional costumes, bags, looming sets, artifacts, weapons, musical instruments, religious items, literature, fishing equipment, photos , pictures , and illustrations so on at one spot. The gigantic frog drum may be the most interesting.
Bayingyi Cave
It is a natural cave and lake on the lime stone bed with many religious monuments. Believing to have healing power, the hot water is applied as medication for skin diseases, eye diseases, pain killer and so on.
Unique composition of natural rock in the form of twisted spire, most probably by wind erosion for years, amidth the natural lake, it is now becoming a curious visiting spot and enjoyable place.
Kawgoon Cave
Regarding to the evidences and records throughout the history , it is the oldest site of the region and best known since almost the entirely natural walls and ceiling are beautifully embellished with small Buddhas on votive tablets inset row by row like "Thousand Buddha Cave" in China. Among them, crown Buddhas and Hindu deities are also seen. There are some more caves in the respective premise well covered with Buddhas and monuments as in Kawgoon Cave and they are Yathepyan, Wepyan, Saddan, Khron and so on. River cruise of Mawlamyine- Pa-an is also popular and the scenery along the river is of curious and just impressive.
Kayah State
The Kayah are one of the eight major ethnic groups inhabits in the Kayah State (formerly Kayanni or Red Kayin) lying on the eastern slopes of the ranges which are dominated by Mt. Nattaung to the east of Taung Oo and just immediately South of Shan State.
It is the capital of Kayah State and almost totally unbeaten track for tourists and international travellers. Regarding to the striking red costume, the people and respective region were widely noted as the Red Karen in the colonial period.
Thirimingalar Pagoda
It is highly regarded as the land-mark of the town and glory of the region. In conjunction with the split nature of the hillock, it is widely known as Taung-gwe meaning split hill.
Naung-ya Lake
A natural lake in the city area is now intentionally shaped to be a beautiful landscape and public recreation center.
Cultural Museum
It is a modern four-stories building laid at the corner of Yaydwin Street and Main Road near Myoma market in Mawleik Ward, Sittway. The ground-plans of ancient cities, the evolution of Rakhine literature, Anandacandra inscription, religious buildings, Buddha-images, scenes of traditional festivals, musical instruments, arts and handicrafts, so on are enjoyed.
According to the legend of Kayah people, it was their earliest habitat site and now merely a rural village but scattered a reasonable number ruined pagodas, monasteries and a scenic lake.
Next to the annual harvest festival, Kaehtopoe meaning setting the banner post and house warming ceremonies are, of course, public functions, and commonly held in April, in advance of rainy season.
Southern Coastal Region
Like a long tail, Tanintharry coastal region is southern-most part of Myanmar and narrowly stretches out about 670miles natural resources and beautiful scenery are, in no doubt, really attractive and lucrative in their own ways. A number of islands are actually enjoyable on marine life and biodiversity collection of bird’s nest, breeding of pearl together with the simple life style of Salon people, best known as the sea gypsy.
Known as Tavoy in colonial period, it is one of the major towns and business center for the respective region. As an advantage, it is practically enriched with mineral resources and beautiful plantations. Lying at the strategic 1ocation, there is an international sea-port under constructed, in presence.
Mokehti Pagoda
Next to the recreation center, gardens and monumental buildings, it is a Buddhist monument located in the triple brick enclosure walls of ancient city under the same name.
Maung-ma-gan Beach
Because of inaccessibility, it is least known, may be completely not known, but the silver white sandy beach measured about 5 miles a long and 500 yard wide, would really refreshing in unspoiled nature. It is only 13 miles away.
It is the capital lied something around the center of stripe land. In early 17th century, it was known as Mergui under the strong-hold of Mr. White. One thing should be noted that the town is set half on the slope of Natural Mountain well covered with ever green forest and half on the narrow plain. The wooden house of bird’s nest is a must visiting site of the city and the late residence of Mr. White then tomb-stone of his wife would be curious tracing for new comers.
Tanintharry Forest Reserve
It is located some way from the city and one of last few natural habitats for wild tiger all over the world. Regarding to the speculative statement by WWF, there may be a reasonable number of endangered species; like tapir, bear and monkey so on.
It is the southern tip of Myanmar and border town to Thailand. Beautiful modern mansions, pagodas, rest-houses are harmoniously erected on mountain slope and stripe plain while the harbors are fully decked with numerous ships, boats, and marine vessels so on. A vast number of plantations on palm-oil, rubber and cashew-nut as well as orchards of durain, pomelo, pine-apple, rambutan could be enjoyed.
Cape of Bayintnaung
At the center of an area of about 10 acres, there is a gigantic and live statue on an artificial base. That is the historic king of Bayintnaung and founder of Second Myanmar Empire. With the beautiful landscape and colorful flowers, it is now the view point of the town.
Salon Island
It is a common visiting site in Kawthaung and a picnic by small boat. Enjoying on beautiful fishes and boundless sea, it should be visited.
Maliwan Waterfall
It is about 22 miles away and could be accessed through the plantations, small villages and wood-lands. It is actually flowing down step after step naturally.
Shan State
Among the States and Divisions in Myanmar, it is the largest in size and largely covered with mountains and hills, together with Heho plain in South Shan State, Thibaw Plain in Northern Shan State and Kyaingtong (Kungtung formely) in Eastern Shan State. Taunggyi is the capital of the state but lesser popular than scenic Inlay Lake, Lashio is the capital for Northern Shan State while Kyaington is the capital and administrative center for Eastern Shan State.
It is a small town located at the foot of mountain range and the administrative Head quarter of Danu people. It is known for "Golden Cave" on the mountain slope nearby; the town with beautiful Boketaloke Lake at the center is picturesque. Together with century old shady banyan trees, traditional paper production and umbrella processing are curious enough.
Golden Cave.
Among the three natural caves on the mountain slope, the center one is fully packed with Buddhas in various styles, stupas and embellishments together with natural stalagmites and stalagmites assuming color chandeliers. The back -slabs are finely carved and ornate then India styles are enjoyable.
Hsin - gaung monastery
Not so far from the caves, there is a wooden monastery having numerous dry lacquered Buddha images. On the way, plantations and working buffaloes are so peaceful and enjoyable.
One of the popular summer resorts and hill stations, it is known as the "Pine City" since the mountain - ranges encircled the town are covered with pine trees. It is the common visiting site of the small town and the gigantic Buddha is woven by bamboo stripe and well coated with lacquer. Small and beautiful cottages are the symbols of the town.
Nyaung Shwe
It is known as the gate-way to the lake. Once the residence of Sawbwa , the residence of Sawbwa is now became a regional Museum. It is a two stories building erected by the architectural combination of Europe, Myanmar tradition and Shan practice.
Inlay Lake
Popularly known as the "Eastern Venice", It is the most famous site in Shan State and second biggest of its kind in Myanmar. Bestowed upon the admirable qualities and advantages, this uphill lake is enlisted an Asean Heritage Park. In dealing with the lake, picturesque beauty, unique leg- rowing style and fishing of the lake dwellers together with floating gardens are exceptional characters. Among the famous pagoda complexes and enormous monastic compounds of the lake, Indian pagoda precinct should be dropped in where over one thousand temples well adorned with ornate stucco carvings are still visible.
Located on a mountain slope, it is in beautiful city plan and the capital of the state. If time permitted, central market and Cultural Museum should be visited.
Hot Air Balloon Contest.
This is the most famous festival and crowded period of the city. It is normally held in November and usually accompanied by great pomp and ceremonies; just like performing, music, fire work and so on.
With the insertion in Sawadee Magazine, once the hidden treasure of Pa Oh territory became a visiting site. By the large donation of Singapore, most of the pagodas in the vicinity were retouched leading the criteria of devaluate on historical value. But, it is still a charming and beautiful site.
Northern Shan State
In comparison with the touristic sites in Southern Shan State, the sites in this area are much lesser known. But it is equally attractive like southern sites while Lashio is the capital.
Goke -Hteik Viaduct.
Regarding to its impressive structure and beauty together with importance, it is highly regarded as the prettiest bridge in Myanmar and comparable to Westminster Bridge over Thame River in London of England.
It is one of the major towns in Northern Shan State and assumed to the earliest settlement site in Shan State. The city plan is just beautiful and the houses with colorful flowers in front are, of course, neat and lovely. Around the town especially by the Dokehtawaddy River is having a series of orange plantations. The late residence of last Sawbwa is now a garden with modern town hall.
Bawgyo Pagoda
This is the most famous pagoda and biggest of its kind in the respective vicinity, being located 6 miles away from the town. Peculiar in style, the main shrine has four vestibules composed by glass - mosaic pillars and a stupa on the roof.
It is the business center and capital of Northern Shan State. In the city area, the streets are clean and dotted with religious monuments in Thai architecture, Chinese Joss-Houses with multiple roofs, Christian Churches in tapering pinnacles, government buildings and mansions. It is become the center for trekking to ethnic villages nearby for the last few years.
Night Market
Starting at the twilight, the market place is usually active and crowded. You should visit there since you can enjoy the real nature and customs of the local people and ethnic minorities, as well as taste regional foods in an array.
Mansu Pagoda
It is not so old and historic pagoda but situated on a higher hillock sharing the best photographic point and bird’s eye view on beautiful scenery with pleasant environs.
Once the notorious proximity on town for its the dealing, it is now largely changed to the major site and gate way to the "Golden Triangle" for its drug better markets and shopping on variety of items, mostly Chinese made goods.
The capital of Eastern Shan State, it was formerly known as Kungtung setting on slopping and low hillocks while the city centre is around the lake. Unlike anywhere else in Myanmar, it is home to many ethnic minorities just like Akha , Lahu, Wa and Anh and so on.
Thittabin Hill
Regarding a century old shady tree, it is so called as Thittabin hill and now defined a recreation site and view point. From a panoramic view, the lake at the center of the city, houses and religious buildings in simulation of Thai architecture, in row by row, could be enjoyed. A newly built standing Buddha and some beautiful monasteries should be visited. Trekking to the ethnic villages on the mountain slop is common feature of the town, while Akha people are best known for their prettiest traditional customer and head - gear.
Mandalay Division
Mandalay is the capital of Mandalay Division in Central Myanmar and located around the heart of Myanmar. In dealing with the respective region, nearly all the historic ancient cities, such as Bagan, Innwa and Amarapura are scattered in this area.
The newest ancient city of Myanmar monarchies, it is located round about at the center of Myanmar and ever associated with its grand palace named "Mya-nan-san -kyaw". It is highly regarded as the center of traditional arts and handicrafts like those of wood carving, tapestry, and stone- carving and so on.
Mya - nan - san kyaw Palace
All the 114 buildings are functionally set on a high brick platform in rectangle ground plan encircled by a high brick wall with gates and water moat at outer perimeter. Most of the buildings were damaged so reconstructed later.
Shwe - kyaung
One of the grand palace buildings was so intentionally dismantled and reset as the beautiful monastery at the foot of Mandalay Hill then called the monastery of golden palace. The best and most proportionate wood carvings can still be visible originally.
Best known as the biggest book all over the world, a complete set of Buddha’s teaching named Tri-pitaka is engraved on 729 marble slabs of exact dimension, each housing inside a Sinhale stupa on a spacious land, at the foot of Mandalay Hill too.
Mandalay Hill
The glory and mile-stone of the city, it is isolate come up about 230 meter high and well covered with religious monuments, white-washed stupas, covered stair-ways amidth the shady tree. It is the best point for panoramic view and usually crowded at sun-set.
Regarding to the thick gold on the body resulted by the daily application of soft gold leaves of pilgrim, it is so called as the soft gold Buddha and most venerated Buddha in the region.
Known as May Myo for years, it is, in no doubt, the prettiest hill-station and summer resort in Myanmar. A number of beautiful mansions in mocked Tudor and Scottish cottage in terrace setting, temperate weather with colorful flowers around the year have assumed it "The Little England of the East", and enchanted film makers throughout the history. Natural water-falls, streams with picturesque scenery are so impressive and meant for breathe-taking.
Clock Tower
Bestowed upon the grand donor, it is called Purcell Clock Tower and mark of the town. By the different melodious tunes, it is operated by Westminster Chime system.
National Kandawgyi Garden
Among the picnic spots in the town, it is the most famous site and visiting worthwhile on beautiful setting, a variety of horticultural flowers, museum buildings for orchids, butter-flies and fossil woods.
Anesakhan or Dattawchaint Water-fall
Among the famous visiting sites and natural water-falls, it is the most beautiful and largest of its kind in the town. It is flowing down from about 200 feet high and located 1000 feet down to the foot of chasm with least spoiled nature.
In comparison with its small size and simple beauty, Mingun is better known as one of the sites for day trippers and picnic takers on its big monuments together with paintings and souvenirs. .
The two colossal leograph
These are now locating on the western bank of Ayeyarwaddy River left their hinder parts only. After the completion, they were the largest figures of its kind and largely ruined at 1838 by a serious earth-quake.
The Great Stupa
Supposed to be the largest and highest stupa in Myanmar, may be over the world, it still reflects immense type and grandeur even in its unfinished state. The crackling lines on the structure reveal perishable nature and somehow mysterious beauty.
Mingun Bell
Being one of the greatest bells over the world, it is the commonest visiting in that small village. The advantage of the bell is that it is hanging type and usually emits an ethereal sound by striking while other ground type bell cannot perform so.
It is the prettiest monument on architectural peculiarity and so erected in this style representing Buddhist cosmology. Except for the circular ground plan, it is closely resembled in theme and concept to Borobudur in Indonesia. If you are lucky enough, the intelligent Ayeyarwaddy Dolphins could be viewed on the way.
It is one of the historic ancient cities and best known as the weaving center thus the tackling sound of the shuttle is normally filled in the air resulting such a variety of designs and patterns are created at any time.
Residing over one thousand monks at the same monastic complex, this is the best place to study the daily life of Buddhist monks. Lining to enter the dining hall and having lunch in great modesty are favorite scenery for tourists. More than that, the book on Buddha’s teaching can be available at the same point.
Taungthaman Lake
Like a vast inland sea, it usually shares really live activities of gardeners, fishers in their daily life of local people and the bridge together with the lake ever stands for romantic beauty. The ducks. Drivers steering their forces seem to be draining and parade.
U Bein Bridge
Spanning over the respective lake, it is the most prominent thing and glory of the site. Highly regarded as the longest wooden bridge over the world, it is composed by about 1000 immense teak pillars and traditional mortised joint system then usually crowded in the morning and late evening.
Locating on a triangle shape island bound by Ayeyarwaddy River and Myitnge (small) River, it is highly regarded as the strategic location and frequently marked as the capital along the course of history. In dealing with the beautiful city plan, Thai was so impressed and built their ancient Ayutthaya in simulation of Innwa.
Bagaya Monastery
Regarding to traditional monastic architecture in Myanmar, it is one of fine examples in which the entire monastery is lifted by about 250 gigantic teak pillars. The shrine-hall, connecting passage, main hall and provision hall are serially erected in solar alignment system. Not so far form that, there is a cluster of pagodas collectively known as Wingabar Pagoda as one of the temple is having wooden wingabar meaning maze inside.
Watch Tower
This is the only palace building left in situ inside the ruined city wall. Known as Pissa Tower on its learning position in olden days, it was restarighten later for preservation by Archaeology Department.
Mè Nu Brick Monastery
This is also a grand monastery erected by not teak pillars but by brick. Even at a casual look, it seems more like a defensive fort than a monastery and the corbelled arch system of Bagan era is reshaped in it. Next to them, Kedah fort by the river and Lay-htat-gyi monastery as well as traditional cottage industry of iron alms-bowl should be studied.
Having about 4000 monuments scattered on an area of about 16 square miles, it is regarded as the birth-place of Buddhism and the richest archaeological zone in Asia, most probably over the world. Bagan should be studied art and architecture together with mural painting as in one combination.
It is the proto-type and an ideal model of later stupas in Myanmar as having much of the essential features then proportionate in pyramidal structure. It is also one of the stone buildings and high point of architectural evolution.
Kyaukku Umin
It is one of the four stone buildings in Bagan-Nyaung-U and known for its excellent stone carving. From a distance, it is like a grand castle amid the forest area.
Kubyaukgyi (Wettkyi - in)
It is a medium size temple with a spire resembling to the Mahabodhi in India and the interest lies in the fine frescoes narrating scenery from the Jatakas painted on the interior walls.
Htilominlo Temple
It is one of the greater and double stories temples adorned with fine plaster carving on arch pediments, frieze and pilasters. One curious thing is that a number of horoscopes are seen among the weathered mural paintings.
Upali Thein
It is a structure of fine proportions with a double layer of battlements in simulation of wooden architecture and surmounted by a small, slim pagoda at the center of the roof.
Ananda Temple
It is one of the finest and most venerated temples at Bagan. Together with the prettiest ground plan in a perfect Greek Cross with sublime beauty, it is highly regarded as the loftiest temple and two of original standing Buddhas are to be exceptional with cunny lighting system.
Known as the most massive building, most of the arches and major portion of the structure still reveal pretty sound and in the form of an effective defensive fort while all the entrances and intersected passages to the inner corridor are completely blocked for an unknown reason but the finest brick bondage system could be seen on this temple and enclosure walls.
Sarabha Gateway
This is the main gate of eastern city wall and the only structure left in situ, on the old city. Traces of finely executive stucco carvings on the frieze are still visible on the exterior walls.
Gubyaukkyi (Myinkabar)
The temple consists of a square basement surmounted by a square tower with curvilinear roofs resting on terraces. The impressive treasures of it would be mural paintings in the central sanctum, ambulatory path around and in the vestibule then perforated stone windows incised with geometrical designs of fine proportions.
Nan Paya
Bestowed upon stone facing, it is one of 4 stone buildings in Bagan. The pillars in the sanctum are finely executed with triangular floral designs and the figures of the Brahma holding lotus flowers at one hand. Kalasa pot in profile, stucco scroll works having brahmany duck within, kirtimukha on the exterior wall show master carvings and well proportionate structures second to none.
It is an elegant temple structure with a projecting hall facing the north and the external form represent the lofty Ananda so far as the disposition of the corner stupas, the curvilinear roofs, the terraces, the square tower and the finial are concerned. The mural paints are still attractive.
It is a larger temple and harmoniously composed by small block on the large one and each is crowned by terraces adorned with battemented parapets and small stupas at every corner surmounted a deeply moulded cornice set with glazed plaques of different sizes and patterns. The stucco is finely executed and carving exquisitely delicate while the frescoes on the interior walls cover different ages of Bagan, late Inn and Konbaung so on.
Roughly in Shwezigon type of solid stupa, its design is unusual in pentagonal ground plan and really elaborate whilst the three lower terraces are embellished wih terra - cotta plaques illustrating the Jataka stories.
It was erected by King Nadaungmya (1210-1234 A.D) and unlike other in Bagan, is a tall, obelisk stupa which is the only specimen of its kind and well covered with niches bearing seated Buddhas and interspersed with ornamental panels and moldings.
Payathonzu temple
Three distinct square buildings incorporate a triad temple by means of narrow lateral passages leading from one building to another. The Parathonzu Temple is much more similar to the ground-plans of the East Zegu Temple and Shwenyaungbingon Temple at Srikshetra Pyu city. The mural paintings cover eastern-most temple, half on the central one. All the paintings are closely resembled to Northern Indian style.
Mt. Popa
Best known as "The Oasis of the Dry Zone” based on its enriched green forests and lush trees together with a lot of natural water sources, it is a real picnic spot sharing real refreshment and relaxation for weary eyes and fatigue mind on countless temples and stupas at draught circa. A variety of beautiful butterflies, wild birds and colorful flowers could be enjoyed, but mind one thing that a vast army of monkeys is loitered you on the way up the mountain peak.
Sagaing Division
It is a lesser known region for years but becoming a common routing for international travellers and Monywa is the capital with while Sagaing is an ancient city with some historic sites.
Sagaing Hill
In comparison with the town, the hill-range is much more popular and one of the best rain retreats for a number of Buddhist Order. Uminthonze, Ponnyashin and Sitagu Complex are common visiting sites while the last may be most interested in pictures of Buddhist monuments over the world.
In simulation of Sanchi in India, the focus is on prominent dome visible at a distance and encircled a series of stone lamp-post at the base. Many stalls are selling "Thanakha" a traditional beautifier of Myanmar.
Lezin village
Totally hidden from the international tourists, it is really a place visiting worthwhile on its two decorative monasteries of Taing Taya for Myanmar carvings and Saku for masterful combination of traditional Myanma features with imported elements.
It is a unique architectural design surprisingly erected by Ven. Moenyin Sayadaw and local masons but not by professional architect. The recess and small stupas are diminishing at the center. By the structure and design with bright color , it is closely resembling to India architecture.
Not so far from Thanbuddhe, thousands of Buddha images underneath the respective Bo tree are beautifully set on a spacious land. A large standing Buddha and reclining Buddha on the mountain slopes are of curious then tower of toddy trunk should be dropped.
It is the capital and business center then the economy is mainly based on timber extraction, cultivation of pulses, corn, jute and cotton so on. The night market at the center of the town is filled with activities by crowd.
Phowin and Shweba hills.
highly regarded as the glory of the region, there are countless caves on natural hillocks composed by volcanic rocks. Like Ajanta cave in India, a total of about 800 caves on the mountain slope are beautifully adorned with striking mural paintings, Buddha images and statues in a series respectively.
Ayerwaddy Division
Popularly known as "One of the Granaries of the World”, it is topographically the lower part of Myanmar assuming the great flatness of agricultural trough and deltaic region with a complicate network of water - ways. Practically, the lower part of Majestic Ayeyarwaddy River pursues it water- ways southward to the Bay of Bengal forming a real vast flatness of its delta just below Pyay (Prone formerly). In the delta area, the fertile soil composed by rich alluvial sediments throughout the history deposits an area of some 13,000 square miles of fertile land shaping the rice bowl of Myanmar and branches out into eight major tributaries; such as Pathein River , Thetketaung River, Pyanmalaut River, Bogalay River and so on. Pathein (formerly Bassein) seems to be the oldest settlement site and a historic sea- port in olden days is the capital of the region now with some other major towns: just like Myaungmya, Bogalay , Hinthada , Danubyu and so on.
It is the hub of the region and largest port then worth a visit having a few outstanding features such as handsome wooden colonial buildings. coloured a somber black, pagodas, churches and traditional industries, while the harbor area in a crescent shape is packed with shop- houses, go downs and others then normally rate busy by passenger - boats and cargoes with activities.
This is the most important pagoda of the vicinity and a white washed pagoda at the center surrounded by all aglitter with glass mosaic, satellite stupas, wooden buildings and shrines. Close to the market and river, it will share some curious events on daily life. If time permitted, there are two more pagodas respectively named as Tazaung and Thayaunggyi.
Parasol industry
It is the glory of the town and historic profession handed down from generation to generation. In a ward named Tawya Kyaung not so far from the city center that cottage industry still survives and exhibits a variety of colourful parasol with hand- printed designs, together with processing in hand made.
It is a typical delta town with a crowded harbour confronted by go downs and numerous shops filled with sacks and baskets of rice. Somewhere a bit far off the town, ancient city walls still visible and in such an immense structure.
In conjunction with the Anglo-Myanmar War, it is noted as the major defensive fort on Ayewaddy River. Now , the fort is a major visiting site of the town.
It is one of the major towns in the respective Ayewaddy Division and located just on the western bank of the river known as Henzada in colonial period. Based on traditional careers of agriculture, fishing and trade, it is just a typical community centre of Myanmar but not so much popular.
Nathmaw Pagoda
It was the largest of its kind in Myanmar but is now the third largest reclining Buddha all over the country.
Ngar - myet ngar Pagoda
Located just at the town center, it is more popular than other pagodas of the town. More than that, some monastic buildings nearby are erected in colonial architecture. The monument for national hero is somehow curious in octagonal ground plan assuming the storm lantern and local market should also be visited.
Chaungtha Beach
Here, the food is much tastier than any other beach though the beach is short. It is more natural and close to local market resulting personal choice of fishes and vegetables and self- catering in your hotel compound. Scuba-diving and studies on marine life can be performed at Thephyu island nearby. It is only one hour boat- drive from the beach.
Ngwe-saung Beach
It is the newest and longest one in Myanmar measuring about 9 mile length. A number of resort hotels will share the guest’s privacy and tranquility. Blue water and silver-white sandy shore are of impressive scarcity.
Magway Divison.
It is actually regarded as one of the most draught zones of Myanmar and the towns in the respective area are much lesser known while Magway is the capital of the region.
Myathalun of Magway.
Ever associated with the city, the pagoda is noted as the symbol and glory of the city. The ogre figures on the bell shape are, most probably, prominent and the pagoda by the river is pleasant.
It is likely the most popular town of the region and traditionally noted for its impressive Buddhist learning centres and weaving, the later is now sharply decreased. Newly built bridge is enlisted as the longest bridge in Myanmar.
Shwegu Pagoda.
Contrast to the common nature of Myanmar, it is best known for the intricate and proportionate wood carving of back slab but not for the Buddha itself. Highly regarded as the masterpiece of its kind in Myanmar , it should be visited worthwhile. Thihoshin Pagoda and Sattasathaha for its fresco should be visited if time permitted.
Evidenced on the remaining brick city wall, we can safely assume that it is an ancient city and two wooden monasteries in the precinth are the workmanship of Konbaung era. The Buddha footprint on stone slab at the museum is clearly engraved of 108 sole marks and the largest of its kind in Myanmar up to now.
Rakhine State
It is the western coastal region of Myanmar and apart from main-land Myanmar by means of Rakhine mountain-rages. Local histories and traditions said that their earliest settlement was much earlier than the period of Gautama Buddha (about 5000-6000 years B.P), and the coinages and inscriptions show that there were kings and city-states in Rakhine about 4th century A.D. Most of the kings were, similar to Pyu kings, entitled with Suriya or Canda. Today, the historic buildings and ancient cities could be studied as Mrauk-U, Vesali and so on while Sittway (Akyab formerly) is the capital of Rakhine State.
It is located on the confluence of Kissapanadi or Kalardan River and Bay of Bengal. As it is the gate-way to Ngapali (Sandaway) and Mrauk-U Myo haung, it is a major stop-over. The city itself shows the marine-life, and Cultural Museum, Buddhist Museum and Sakyamuni Buddha image should be studied.
It is the only image of its kind in Myanmar since it is curiously adorned with over a thousand of small Buddha images.Regarding to archaeological finds, Rakhine kings had successfully founded their respective palace-cities and kingdoms at Dhanyawaddy, Vesali, Mrauk-U and so on. Buddha footprint on cast-bronze is uniquely found in Vesali, measuring 7.5 cm length and 3 cm width with 22 symbols on left foot-print and 18 symbols on right one only.
Mrauk-U (Myo-haung)
Contemporary to the grand and mysterious Inca Civilization of Europe, its erection is similarity in many ways to Inca: just like optimum usage of natural ridge as city-walls, in terraces well adorned with bulwarks, ramparts, watch- towers, and forts so on. Assuming as an defensive fort, it will evidence reflect the past grandeur and masterful architecture of ancient Rakhine people. About a total of 60 monuments, especially stone-buildings in fact, are scattered in the circle, lying close to one another, leisure walk is the best mean to enjoy them.
Shittaung Temple
It is a two-stories building, a major monument and was built in 1535 AD by King Minbargyi. It is architecturally of impressive one and rather like an effective fort than a formal temple. A great variety of figures (over 80,000); such as ; Buddha’s life stories, 550 Jataka stories, Vathundare and Vathundari, Keinnayi and Keinnayi of mythical birds, Imira and his consorts, Jain figures and Hindu deities, the donor King Minbargyi , ogres, dragons and so on, are very finely executed on the enclosure - walls and interior walls of the temple together with Sinhalese types stupas on the platform.
Htokkan Thein
It lies some 100 meters to the west of the Shitthaung Temple, and of another fortress-like structure. It was erected in 1571 AD by King Minphalaung. The walls of the temple are chapel projecting eastward are built of stones. Through the east entract, the interior-walls of the temple are completely adorned with various figure of demon, ogres, dvrapala and seated ladies together with yellow glazed statuettes. The seated ladies are decked with richly ornaments of crown, coronet, pendant, necklace, rosary, sash, chest-band, bracelet, arm-let and so on with various style of coiffure, in lotus offering.
Andaw Thein
It is, just to the west of Shitthaung Temple, a small stone building. It is in rectangle ground-plan having double corridors around the central cube, in about 30 feet high. The interior walls are embellished with Buddha image in niches set of low arch-pediments. The solid stupas can be also seen in Ratanabon, Sakya-manaung, Ratana- manaung, Zinamanaung and so on. Most of them were built in the 15th and 16th centrury AD. Stationed at Mrauk U, Vesali, an ancient city of long stone stairway, tattoo Chin villages along the Le Mro River valley could also be enjoyed.
Ngapali Beach
Among the beaches in Myanmar, it is the best known. It is a sandy shore of about 2 miles length, some 6 miles to the south of Thandwe (Sandoway formerly). The name is derived from Naples of Italy since the Italians named it beach on their visit for its natural beauty and environs. The beach was closely similar to the Bay of Naples in the blue bay and silver waves, green grove of palm trees can be enjoyed in the breeze. Walking, swimming, relaxing, golfing, visiting to villages nearby can also be performed together with sea-foods. International hotels are waiting.
Chin State
The Chin occupy the hilly areas as the Chin Hills covered about 300 miles from North to South and about 100 miles at the widest point from East to West then the Hill Tracks of Rakhine between the Chindwin River and the borders of India and Pakistan. The Chin State consists of steep mountains and narrow valleys of which several mountains are rising to over 9000 feet elevation. The Chins belong to Tibeto-Burman (Myanmar) branch of Mongoloid and sub-divided in many various clans, 29 at least- based on topographical localities while Lai, Simbhrin, Kumi, Cho, Siyin and Matu are the principal ethnic groups but popularly known as Mindat Chin, Matupi Chin, Tidim Chin, Haka Chin and Falam Chin etc.., slightly differed from one clan to another. The administrative capital is Haka, lied some 85 miles to the north of Kalaywa on the bank of Chindwin River. Chin State is composed of 9 townships but Mindat and Kanpetlet are major towns in southern Chin State while Haka and Falam are major towns of the north, seemingly in typical European styles. The most interesting practice of Chin people is tattooing on females’ faces. The color and designs of tattoo are noticeably varied from one place to another. Then, such tattooed Chin ladies could be viewed around Mindat and villages on the river valley of Le Mro River in Rakhine State. The houses of Chin are of stilt type well embellished with animal figures and body-parts; just like skull, fang, leather, horn etc.., then spear, short bow and arrows, guns of hunting equipment etc.
Mount. Victoria or Natmataung
It is a major visiting site in southern Chin State and comes up to an elevation of about 10,500 feet. Mt. Victoria in Chin State is snow freed from all around the year but could freeze water over in the depths of the cold season. The mountain is eventually not so rocky and steep enough thus sharing a favourable topography for mountaineering and trekking. As the common nature, rough tracks, strong wind, the intense could, and tiredness are inevitably encountered. But, all these would surely be vanished in no time seeing and enjoying of beautiful mountain scenery and tranquility of the nature together with the treasonous flora and fauna of the sanctuary; such as red rhododendron, white rhododendron, primula, fern, firs, pines and orchids as well as tigers, leopards, bears, sambars, barking deers, birds and butterflies including rare species. In northern Chin State, the town of Tidim is popularly known as the prettiest town of Chin State. Reid Lake in the form of human heart shape and scenic Kannedy Peak are, of course, fairly popular and should be visited worthwhile. The traditional ceremonies and feasts of Chin people are usually held together with dances and musical instruments of drum, gong and horn so on.
Kachin State
It is the highest and further north part of Myanmar largely covered with jagged mountains and natural horticultural garden. Disconnected to the nature of tropical monsoon country, series of snow-caped mountain are lied to host a vast amount of bio diversities; rare orchids, takin, musk-deer even world unknown species. It is becoming a major site for botanists and zoologists on their researches and excursion, fascinating tour site for nature lovers in trekking, adventure, hiking of eco-tourism together with striking minorities, viz Lisu, Rawang, Taron so on. No easy access nature of the region remains its treasures in unspoiled state and least known it for years. So, the only word entitled to that hidden would is “Incredible”.
It is the capital of the state and the venue of Kachin. Next to limited Buddhist monuments and Churches, Manau Ground is curious enough. Amidst the spacious ground, there are six posts altogether brightly embellished with heavenly bodies and figures. There is also Manau Hall in the same ground. Manau festival is annually held in January attended by 6 major ethnic groups in their traditional costumes and respective performances. Kareinnaw is a beautiful recreational point of the city and located by the Ayeyarwaddy River, some way from the city-area. Through the natural forests, and ethnic villages, visiting to river confluence is really enjoyable. It is some 28 miles away from the city and source of Ayeyarwadddy by joining two major glaciers of Maykha and Malikha. Some walk up N’Khingbum hill to get a bird eye view and drop to a village for enjoyment on daily life of local people then drop to Jawbum, a beautiful tower so erected to mark “Centennial of Christian Missionary” to the region. Contemporary to the “Dead Railway” in southern Myanmar, Ledo Road is also curious historical site so shaped to link India and China via Myanmar. Some foreigners and nature-lovers have recently hacked the unbeaten track to In-daw-gyi Lake. It is the largest of its’ kind and has some places to be enjoyed; such as the lake itself for mysterious Shwe-myitzu Pagoda and rare migratory birds as well as local people and their humble villages on the lake shore.
It is another major town of the region and upper terminal on navigation of Ayeyarwaddy River, then more historic than Myitkyina. As of being frontier garrison to annex the jade mine area and northern Myanmar by the British, some curious tomb-stones bearing English names could be enjoyed in a cemetery and so does a Chinese Joss-House. Beautiful natural scenery and timber extraction will be attractive. Some scholars say Ayeyarwaddy Dolphins could be experienced along the course from Bhamaw to Mingun.